Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment aimed at reducing social and communication deficits in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). EIBI utilizes many principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA).
EIBI programs can target many different skill areas depending on the needs of the child. EIBI programs are also useful for reducing negative behaviors such as self-harming or hitting others.
What does it involve?
EIBI treatment often begins in the home. Using EIBI, parents and children with ASD can improve interactions between parents and children. A qualified therapist or psychologist may supervise family EIBI sessions. Other EIBI programs may be offered at clinics or preschools. School-age children and adolescents may benefit from group treatment with EIBI. Always ask for the credentials and work experience of any therapist.
For maximum gains in language and mental abilities, it is recommended that young children spend 25 to 40 hours per week in EIBI therapy for at least two years. Briefer, targeted therapy with EIBI over at least six months can enhance social communication.
Techniques used in EIBI may include verbal behavior intervention and discrete trial teaching. EIBI treatment comprises a positive and systematic teaching style emphasizing creativity and flexibility. The parent or therapist uses positive, systematic approaches to teaching skills and minimizing problematic behaviors.
The goal of early intensive behavioral intervention is to increase the social and communication skill sets of autistic children and allow them to build relationships and communicate more effectively in daily life.
In small studies, early intensive behavioral intervention has been proven to provide significant gains in language, mental abilities and social communication.
Depending on where you live, it may be difficult to find a therapist with formal EIBI training.
If you pay privately for therapy, it can become expensive.
Depending on where you live, it may be difficult to travel to therapy appointments.